How Are Commercial Real Estate Properties Valued?

IL real estate lawyer, Illinois real estate attorneyThe decision to buy or sell a commercial property is likely one of the most consequential financial decisions you will ever make. In order to get the best deal possible, proper valuation of the property is essential. An accurate appraisal of a property’s value is also used by lenders when determining how much debt the lender is willing to provide. There are several different approaches used to value commercial real estate properties.

Valuation Methods for Commercial Real Estate

Many people assume that the term “value” is synonymous with “price” or “cost.” Price and cost will certainly influence a property’s value, but they are not interchangeable terms. The value of a commercial property is typically determined by an appraiser. The three main methods for valuing a commercial property include the income approach, replacement cost approach, and market value approach. The valuation approach an appraiser will use depends on several factors including the type of property and how the property will be utilized.

  • Income Approach: An income approach or income capitalization approach is the most popular way to value commercial properties that produce income such as retail stores, office buildings, and apartment complexes. The appraiser will first estimate the property’s potential gross income and then deduct operating expenses to determine the property’s net operating income. Next, the capitalization rate or “cap rate” is used to estimate the price that the average investor would pay for the income produced by the property. The cap rate is then applied to the net operating income to determine the value of the property.
  • Replacement Cost Approach: The cost approach is much more involved than the income approach. This valuation approach considers the value of the land on which the property exists and then adds the estimated cost of constructing an exact copy of the property. Put another way, the cost approach calculates a property’s value by determining how much it would cost to completely rebuild the property and then adding this cost to the current value of the land. This approach is often used to value properties that do not generate income such as churches, schools, and hospitals.
  • Market Value Approach: The market value approach or sales comparison approach is often used to value residential properties but it may also apply to commercial properties. The value of the commercial property is estimated by comparing the property to similar properties that have recently been sold or are currently for sale. If there are no similar properties in the market area, this approach may not be effective.

Contact a DuPage County Real Estate Lawyer

Proper valuation is crucial when buying or selling commercial real estate property. At Stock, Carlson & Duff LLC, we work with a trusted group of appraisers to ensure our clients receive accurate valuations. Call our office at 630-665-2500 for a confidential consultation with a skilled Wheaton real estate attorney.

Sources:

https://www.investopedia.com/articles/realestate/12/real-estate-valuation.asp
https://homeguides.sfgate.com/three-methods-appraising-commercial-real-estate-value-1567.html

Five Important Duties of a Commercial Landlord

leasing, Wheaton commercial real estate attorneysWhen you own and lease out commercial property, such a venture could be extremely profitable. However, you could also face serious risks, especially if you are not properly prepared to handle the responsibilities associated with being a commercial landlord. Some of these risks include the possibility of financial loss or being sued for failing to meet your obligations as the property owner. It is important to understand what these responsibilities are and how to fulfill them. A qualified commercial leasing attorney can help.

Duty #1: Comply With All Applicable Laws

There many different federal, state, and local laws that apply to all property owners who rent out their properties, including commercial landlords. For example, as a commercial landlord, you are not permitted to discriminate against would-be tenants on the basis of certain criteria, including religion, race, and national origin. You must also follow all zoning laws and building codes. If you fail to comply with any applicable law, you could face serious consequences, including legal action.

Duty #2: Use Clear Language in Your Contracts

If your lease agreements are not clear and concise, your tenants might not understand what is expected of them. Your contracts could also be more difficult to enforce if there is confusion about what they contain. Commercial leasing contracts should clearly address all of the relevant concerns, including matters of rent, repairs, alterations to the property, and communication expectations.

Duty #3: Keep Your End of the Agreement

In addition to using clear language, your leasing contracts should only include provisions that you are willing and able to meet. You should also familiarize yourself with your responsibilities for making certain types of repairs, such as those involving heating and cooling systems, electrical work, and plumbing. This can help ensure that the property is maintained properly and in accordance with applicable laws.

Duty #4: Mitigate Risks and Limit Liability

Proper maintenance will go a long way toward protecting yourself and your property. However, limiting risk means more than fixing a broken water heater. You might also consider installing a security system, additional lighting, or doors and windows that can be locked securely. It is also a good idea to identify and address potential environmental hazards, such as uneven walkways where water could pool or roof overhangs from which snow or ice could fall.

Duty #5: Be Fully Insured

Despite taking all the precautions in the world, you could still suffer losses due to fires, floods, falling trees, or other “acts of God.” Comprehensive insurance coverage is a good way to protect yourself and your property. Similarly, you should also carry insurance policies on any vehicles or equipment that you may own and use in connection with leasing the property.

Call a DuPage County Commercial Real Estate Attorney

At Stock, Carlson & Duff LLC, our team is dedicated to helping commercial landlords maximize the return on their real estate investments. Our experienced Wheaton commercial leasing lawyers can guide you through the entire leasing process and will assist you in managing any issues that may arise. Call 630-665-2500 to schedule a confidential consultation today.

 

Sources:

https://smallbusiness.chron.com/business-tenants-rights-67257.html

https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/15101-commercial-lease-guide.html

Property Valuations in Commercial Real Estate Deals

commercial real estate, Wheaton real estate attorneysIf you have decided to acquire any type of commercial property, it is important to be sure that the price you will pay is a fair one. Commercial real estate transactions typically involve the exchange of large amounts of money, which makes a proper valuation critical. In fact, a valuation is generally a requirement for real estate deals that are backed by lender financing.

Understanding Appraisals

A commercial property valuation is accomplished by means of an appraisal that is conducted by an approved appraiser. In order to be qualified as an appraiser, an individuals must undergo specialized education or training, and, in most cases, be certified by a professional organization of appraisers. A real estate broker is not considered to be a qualified appraiser—unless, of course, he or she has completed the necessary certification and training. Therefore, if the broker sets the initial sale price of the property, it is not necessarily backed by a qualified appraisal.

A qualified appraiser may choose from three methods of establishing a property’s value. The most appropriate method will depend on the type of property and how the property will be used in the future. An appraiser may utilize the:

  • Income capitalization method: This approach is most often used to evaluate properties that produce income, such as rental residential and commercial rental properties and shopping centers. The income capitalization method focuses on the property’s potential to generate revenue and the expected rate of return for the investor. Factors such as the condition of the property or its location are not given significant weight;
  • Sales and market comparison method: This method is commonly utilized to establish a value for single-family residential properties, but it can have commercial property applications as well. Under this approach, the appraiser will compare the recent sale prices of similar properties while taking into account the health of the local real estate market. A property sold during a boom, for example, will not be a good comparison if the market is currently slowed or depressed.
  • Cost method: The cost method takes into account the property’s value, including any improvements and the land itself and subtracts any depreciation that may have occurred. The goal is to determine if the buyer  would be better off buying the property or building a new, similar property.

In addition to being a requirement for a bank-financed transaction, appraisals are often needed for commercial real estate disputes. If the dispute reaches the courtroom, multiple appraisals may be conducted and it will be up the court to determine which value will be used in deciding the outcome of the dispute.

Call a Wheaton Real Estate Lawyer

If you are in a situation where you need a commercial property appraisal, the experienced DuPage County real estate attorneys at Stock, Carlson & Duff LLC can help. We work with a network of trusted appraisers, and we will assist you in obtaining an accurate valuation of the property in question. Call 630-665-2500 for a confidential consultation today.

Sources:

https://www.investopedia.com/articles/realestate/12/real-estate-valuation.asp

https://homeguides.sfgate.com/three-methods-appraising-commercial-real-estate-value-1567.html